Do Violent Protests Affect Expressions of Party Identity? Evidence from the Capitol Insurrection
Forthcoming, American Political Science Review
With Gregory Eady and Peter Thisted Dinesen
The insurrection at the United States Capitol on January 6, 2021 was the most dramatic contemporary manifestation of deep political polarization in the United States. Recent research shows that violent protests shape political behavior and attachments, but several questions remain unanswered. Using day-level panel data from a large sample of US social media users to track changes in the identities expressed in their Twitter biographies, we show that the Capitol insurrection caused a large-scale decrease in outward expressions of identification with the Republican Party and Donald Trump with no indication of re-identification in the weeks that followed. This finding suggests that there are limits to party loyalty: a violent attack on democratic institutions sets boundaries on partisanship, even among avowed partisans. Further, the finding that political violence can deflect co-partisans carries the potential positive democratic implication that those who encourage or associate themselves with such violence pay a political cost.
Sheltering Populists? House Prices and the Support for Populist Parties
The Journal of Politics
With Ben Ansell, Jacob Nyrup, and Martin Vinæs Larsen
Populist parties, particularly from the right of the political spectrum, have sharply increased their electoral support in recent years, creating great media and scholarly interest. In this article we suggest that the housing market may have been important in defining who switched to populist voting and where they were located. We build on existing work that connects house prices to “first-dimension politics” of redistribution and classic left-right political identification to argue that house prices might also shape preferences on the “second dimension” of politics: support for populist nationalism versus liberal cosmopolitanism. Using both novel precinct- and individual-level data from Denmark, we show that negative shocks to house prices over the election cycle are strongly associated with shifts to support for the Danish People’s Party, a pattern that has amplified over recent elections. We then turn to corroborate this relationship using local housing data in Sweden, Norway, and Finland.
When Does Accommodation Work? Electoral Effects of Mainstream Left Position Taking on Immigration
British Journal of Political Science
With Martin Vinæs Larsen
In many countries, right-wing populist parties have gained electoral support by attracting voters from mainstream left parties. This has prompted public and scholarly debate about whether mainstream left parties can regain political power by taking a more restrictive position on immigration, a so-called accommodation strategy. However, selection bias confounds observational estimates of the effectiveness of this strategy. This letter reports the results of a survey experiment conducted among Danish voters during a unique political situation in which the mainstream left party’s position on immigration is ambiguous, enabling experimental manipulation of voters' perceptions of the party’s position. The authors show that, consistent with spatial models of politics, accommodation attracts anti-immigration voters and repels pro-immigration voters. Because repelled voters defect to other left parties, while attracted voters come from right parties, accommodation increases overall support for parties that support a mainstream left government. The results demonstrate that in some contexts, accommodation can improve the political prospects of the mainstream left.
The Influence of Local Ethnic Diversity on Group-Centric Crime Attitudes
British Journal of Political Science
Several studies provide evidence of group-centric policy attitudes, that is, citizens evaluating policies based on linkages with visible social groups. The existing literature generally points to the role of media imagery, rhetoric and prominent political sponsors in driving group-centric attitudes. This article theorizes and tests an alternative source: exposure to rising local ethnic diversity. Focusing on the issue of crime, it first develops a theoretical account of how casual observation in the local context can give rise to ethnic stereotypes. Then, using two large, nationally representative datasets on citizen group and policy attitudes linked with registry data on local ethnic diversity, each spanning 20 years, it shows that crime attitudes become more strongly linked with immigration attitudes as local ethnic diversity rises. The results suggest that the typically emphasized ‘top-down’ influence on group-centric attitudes by elite actors is complemented by ‘bottom-up’ local processes of experiential learning about group–policy linkages.
When Do Citizens Respond Politically to the Local Economy? Evidence from Registry Data on Local Housing Markets
American Political Science Review
With Martin Vinæs Larsen, Peter Thisted Dinesen, and Kim Sønderskov
Ideological Asymmetry in the Reach of Pro-Russian Digital Disinformation to US Audiences. Journal of Communication (2019), vol. 69 no. 2, pp. 168-192. With Rebecca Adler-Nissen.
Sustaining Honesty in Public Service: The Role of Selection. American Economic Journal: Economic Policy (2019), vol. 11 no 4, pp. 96-123. With Sebastian Barfort, Nikolaj Harmon, and Asmus Leth Olsen.\ Ungated version
Forskning & formidling på dansk
Affektiv Polarisering i Danmark: Et Listeeksperiment om Social Distance til Politiske Modstandere. Økonomi & Politik (2019), 92(3). Med Peter Thisted Dinesen og Kim Mannemar Sønderskov.
Trump som issue-entreprenør. Samfundsøkonomen (2019) no. 3.
Maskinlæring som politologisk værktøj. Politica 51(2), 168-186. Med Alexander Bach & Jesper Svejgaard.
Issue voting ved folketingsvalget 2015. I Oprør fra udkanten - Folketingsvalget 2015. Jurist- og Økonomforbundets Forlag.
Emneejerskab -- hvilke partier ejer hvilke emner?. I Oprør fra udkanten - Folketingsvalget 2015. Jurist- og Økonomforbundets Forlag.
Meningsmålinger i valgkampen. With Jens Olav Dahlgaard, Martin Vinæs Larsen & Asmus Leth Olsen I Oprør fra udkanten - Folketingsvalget 2015. Jurist- og Økonomforbundets Forlag.
Attitudes toward Immigration: Theories, Settings, and Approaches. Forthcoming, The Oxford Handbook of Behavioral Political Science. With Peter Thisted Dinesen. Ungated version
Behavioral Dishonesty in the Public Sector. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory (2019), vol. 29 no. 4, 572-590. With Asmus Leth Olsen, Nikolaj Harmon, and Sebastian Barfort.
Who benefits? Welfare chauvinism and national stereotypes. European Union Politics, vol. 17 no. 1, 3-24, 2016.
Computers, coders, and voters: Comparing automated methods for estimating party positions. With Robert Klemmensen, Sara Hobolt, Martin Ejnar Hansen, and Peter Kurrild-Klitgaard. Research and Politics, April 2015.